Chulpan (Bashkir scientific research institute of agriculture and selection of field cultures). Grade mid-season, winter-hardy, steady against drowning (korotkostebelny) and drought. A brown rust is surprised so-so. It is zoned widely: in areas of the Volga region, Non-Black Earth Region, TsChZ, Western Siberia.
In cultivation of a winter rye and winter wheat there is a lot of therefore here only features of cultivation of a winter rye on intensive technology are described. The main difference of a of cultivation of a winter rye — use of nitric fertilizers, smaller in comparison with winter wheat.
Carrots differ in the high productivity – 40-60 t/hectare, and in the advanced farms of 80-100 t/hectare and more that provides by 2-3 times bigger collecting solids from unit of area in comparison with zernofurazhny cultures and fodder herbs.
Vyatka 2 (NIISH Northeast. Srednepozdnespely, winter-hardy, steady against a vyprevaniye and vymokaniye. Poorly is surprised snow to a, polegat. It is zoned in the Nonchernozem zone, and also in the Western.
Productivity size (at), generally is defined by moisture security resources which consist of drifts of productive moisture before crops in a layer of 0-100 cm and a rainfall during vegetation of culture. For this purpose use the following formula:
Root crops of carrots differ as in a form (, truncated and conic, elongated and cylindrical), and on coloring (white, yellow, red). Grades with red-orange root crops in which there is more are most appreciated.
Among winter crops a rye — the most frost-resistant. Higher frost resistance of a winter rye in comparison with wheat is caused by that cytoplasm of the tempered at long freezing does not denature.
The winter rye clusters mainly in the fall. However at late crops, and also at cool and damp weather the kushcheniye can proceed and in the spring, but to a lesser extent. The general kustistost of a rye is usually higher, than wheat, and 4 — 10 stalks, and productive — 2 — 3 stalks.
Rye straw goes mainly on a laying to cattle, in a tired look is used as a rough forage. Straw and chaff can be used as impurity at coordination of pumpkin, a fodder water-melon, turnip and other plants.
Fodder (Daucus carota L.) — biannual plant of family, or seldereyny (Apiaceae). In a wild look meets in the south of our country. Into culture it is entered before other.
Lump root crops – an important source of juicy forages for farm animals during the autumn, winter and early-spring periods. Treat the fodder root crops cultivated in our country fodder carrots. On a forage use also table grades of carrots.